Western Red Cedar Tree. Recognize the Western Red Cedar in the Pacific Northwest with photos and descriptions, plus uses for Cedar wood.
This is a tree that is not only beautiful but important to our ecosystem here in the Pacific Northwest. Thuja plicata grows along the coastal areas of the Pacific Northwest and even as far inland as the Continental Divide. It can be found on drier mountainsides and also along stream and river beds and wetlands and it grows to its most beautiful and greatest size in the Olympic National Park, where it receives lots of moisture.
Not a true cedar, it resides more in the family of the arborvitae, a Native American name meaning "tree of life." It comes in a variety of sizes, colors and shapes making it an excellent landscape tree.
Among all the trees in the forest, cedar trees appear the greenest. Other tree needles darken with age and produce bright green new growth only in spring, but the soft green, scaly, frond shaped foliage of the Western red cedar remains green all year long.
Cedar foliage drapes from curving branches densely enough to keep the ground below dry. They are decorated with small yellow-green to brown cones resting on top. When mature, the cones release small winged seeds. Reddish-colored pollen cones produce the yellow dust you might see covering your car in the spring, which can be very allergenic for some people.
Western red cedars can successfully grow and reproduce in deep
shade or sun and have the potential to grow into enormous specimens. Some of
the more notable ones in the Pacific Northwest are:
The Western Red Cedar provides winter food for browsing
elk and deer and nesting habitat for spotted owls and other birds.
Salmonberry, red huckleberry, Oregon grape, Pacific trillium, Oregon oxalis, evergreen violet, licorice fern, lungwort, and many varieties of ferns are just a small list of understory flora cohabiting with Western Red Cedar trees in coastal areas.
In inland areas, cedar trees are accompanied by everlasting cordydalis, panicle bluebells, mountain alder, cascade azalea, and Rocky Mountain honeysuckle, among others.
The mature Western Red Cedar produces a natural chemical called thujaplicin, which acts as a fungicide to discourage wood rot. This is what makes Western Red Cedar such an excellent building material.
Aromatic cedar oil produces a distinct aroma which discourages insects from destroying the wood, making it the wood of choice for your grandmother's cedar chest. Cedar wood is also sold in simple blocks which can be placed in drawers and closets for the same reason - to repel insects.
Cedar is strong but lightweight, excellent for building boats. Its warm acoustical tones make it a good wood of choice for guitars.
Cedar has many other uses:
When used outdoors for arbors or decking, cedar wood weathers to a beautiful silver gray if not stained or preserved. If sealed properly it will retain its deep fragrance and warm brown-red color.
The Native peoples who have for generations inhabited the beautiful Pacific Northwest have found Western Red Cedar to be an important and useful material in their daily lives. Many items from story-telling totem poles to instruments, canoes and houses have been constructed from western red cedar. The roots and bark were used to make everyday items such as baskets and other utensils, clothing, blankets and ropes.